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Bangladesh

A Short Profile


Area:

total area: 144,000 sq km
land area: 133,910 sq km

Land boundaries:

total 4,246 km
Burma 193 km
India 4,053 km
Coastline: 580 km

Terrain:

mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

Land use:

arable land: 67%
permanent crops: 2%
meadows and pastures: 4%
forest and woodland: 16%
other: 11%
Irrigated land: 27,380 sq km (1989)

Population:

128,094,948 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 40% (female 25,195,262; male 26,352,299)
15-64 years: 57% (female 34,862,105; male 37,867,705)
65 years and over: 3% (female 1,761,336; male 2,056,241) (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.32% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:

34.62 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:

11.43 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

104.6 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 55.46 years
male: 55.69 years
female: 55.22 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:

4.39 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Literacy:

age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
total population: 35%
male: 47%
female: 22%

Labor force:

50.1 million
by occupation:
agriculture 65%
services 21%
industry and mining 14% (1989)

Budget:

revenues: $2.8 billion
expenditures: $4.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.8 billion
(FY92/93)

Exports:

$2.38 billion (1993)
commodities: garments, jute and jute goods, leather, shrimp
partners: US 33%, Western Europe 39% (Germany 8.4%, Italy 6%)
(FY91/92 est.)

Imports:

$3.99 billion (1993)
commodities: capital goods, petroleum, food, textiles
partners: Hong Kong 7.5%, Singapore 7.4%, China 7.4%, Japan 7.1%
(FY91/92 est.)

Industrial production:

growth rate 6.9% (FY92/93 est.); accounts for 9.4% of GDP

Electricity:

capacity: 2,740,000 kW
production: 9.2 billion kWh
consumption per capita: 70 kWh (1993)

Industries:

Jute manufacturing, cotton textiles, food processing, steel, fertilizer

Agriculture:

Accounts for 33% of GDP, 65% of employment, and one-fifth of exports; world's largest exporter of jute; commercial products - jute, rice,wheat, tea, sugarcane, potatoes, beef, milk, poultry; shortages include wheat, vegetable oils, cotton
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